|Cooperation with the European Union|
Cooperation among Argentina and a large number of the countries that are currently members of the European Union (EU) has a long and productive tradition. Since 1984, the EU applies a policy of research and technological development based on multi-annual Framework Programmes (FP). A lot of researchers, groups and institutions from Argentina began to participate in the FP since 1986, thus consolidating a strategic partnership of mutual interest.
The signing of the Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the European Union and Argentina in 1999 strengthened this relationship. Through this instrument, Argentina became the seventh country in the world and the first in Latin America to provide legal support to joint scientific research and technological development. The Agreement also allows strengthening innovation processes in Argentina through a greater interaction between R&D capabilities from Argentina and EU, as well as the development of new productive and technology-based business linkages in areas of common interest.
Cooperation policy developed of the National Directorate of International Relations, Ministry of Science, Technology and Productive Innovation has proven to be effective to recognize new global scenarios and new trends in international cooperation, focusing its work on a set of dimensions framed in the country's strategy established by the Presidents’ Office. Its main fields of action can be classified in:
- Regional integration in science and technology has been based in MERCOSUR and UNASUR also now, with a view to Latin America. In this regard, it has worked successfully in strengthening relationships with strategic partners and cooperation with less developed countries in order to reduce existing asymmetries and promote a better dialogue in our region with other stakeholders in the international community.
- Bilateral relations have been the starting point for the inclusion of Argentina in the world today and are fundamental to generate cooperation processes that contribute to economic growth and social development. Currently, Argentina has established agreements with over 150 countries, highlighted by a number of ongoing projects and cooperation programs: Brazil, Chile, Mexico, USA and Canada in America; France, Germany, Italy, Spain, England, Belgium and the Netherlands in Europe; Israel, China and Japan in Asia; and South Africa in Africa.
- Multilateral relations are focused on highlighting the constant presence and participation of the country in international forums and organizations such as the OAS, UNESCO and the European Union, where Argentina has emphasized the priority lines in science and technology and develops an active participation. The Ibero-American Program, CYTED, is one of the main fields of interest of the country. The work of the Liaison Office with the European Union (EU), ABEST, that since 2005, advises and reports to the Argentina scientific community about the opportunities for cooperation through the EU Framework Programmes is also essential.
- According to the recommendations from the EU-AR policy dialogue and the CELAC-EU S&T process strongly promoted by the Senior Officials Meetings (SOM) and the Joint Initiative for Research and Innovation Roadmap (JIRI), ABEST III has incorporated new mechanisms and instruments to encourage an innovative approach promoting S&T bilateral cooperation and the articulation with ALCUE NET project (new INCO-NET with 19 partners from EU and LAC that will continue the EULARINET project). For its strategic relevance, ALCUE NET project has been recommended as a tool to support the implementation of the SOM activities. It is worth mentioning that capacities, experiences and networks developed through ABEST I and ABEST II, established the platform from which MINCyT could be nominated and elected as coordinator of ALCUE NET.
After more than ten years of intense cooperation with many countries, regions and international organizations and through the joint efforts, it can be said now say that we have provided considerable added value to society, by promoting cooperation programs in research and development (R&D) oriented to sustainable growth while promoting our capabilities, the internationalization of the scientific community, technology-based companies and the integration at bilateral, regional and multilateral levels.
The exchange of experiences, acquired knowledge, efforts and efficiency among all parties allows us to have a solid foundation for further strengthening and complementing the national scientific technological, and R&D capabilities, to enable sustainable development, facilitate access to information and dissemination of technology, contribute to the internationalization of scientific communities and technology-based companies, promote regional integration and facilitate the dissemination and publication of joint activities.